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Mississippi State University

Coyote (Canis latrans)

Microhabitat Selection


Using discriminant function analysis and comparing to random points, distance to the nearest hardwood and pine, and height of understory vegetation were significant predictors of coyote locations. Distance to nearest hardwood and pine was greater at locations used by coyotes. Height of understory vegetation was greater at used locations than random.


Given that coyotes frequently selected mature pine and hardwood macro habitats, it is not surprising that locations tended to be in areas with greater distances to nearest hardwood and pine. Likewise, increasing height of understory vegetation is a component found in 9-15 year-old pine stands, another habitat selected by coyotes when selecting home ranges. Coyotes likely select these areas because of increased prey availability, as abundance of prey was high in mature pine and hardwood habitats on TWMA and GP.